African American
History & Heritage Site

*** Do You Shop at ***
Please support this site by using this link!

Try Audible and Get Two Free Audiobooks!
Search African American when you arrive

It's AMERICAN History & Heritage!

Main Menu

Copyright 2002 Gerri Gribi ||| Email ||| Updated 08/07/15
Please acknowledge

Recommended by NEA Today
School Library Journal's Site of the Week
Kathy Schrock's "SOS Web Site of the Week"
Johnson Subvention Award, Society for American Music

||| Books ||| Educational Video ||| TV on DVD ||| Composers ||| Women ||| Higher Education ||| "Lift Every Voice"||| Travel

Teacher Toolkit Grades K-12
Contents ||| Reference Online ||| Reference Offline ||| FAQ ||| Professional Development ||| Elementary ||| History ||| Language Arts ||| Music ||| Math & Science ||| Visual Arts ||| Museums & Historic Sites ||| Link Policy ||| About the Author

***African American Posters at ***

*** 2017 African American Calendars! ***

Black Heritage Travel: Northeastern United States
"Been There!" = Personal notes about places I've visited.

Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire New Jersey
New York Pennsylvania Rhode Island Vermont Additional Resources /// Home


As the website notes, at a mere 17 miles long the Seacoast New Hampshire and South Coast Maine may be "America's Smallest Seacoast"(sm) but it is rich in history, culture and spirit. There is a wealth of Black History articles and resources to be found here, in addition to information about the arts, news, travel, food, lodging and more.

Maine Visible Black History

This rich site has photos, essays, and an extensive list of resources which will lead you to archival materials, articles, AV materials, and much more. The site is the work of H.H. Price and Gerald E. Talbot who authored a book of the same name available for purchase from the site or at


Upper Housatonic Valley African American Trail

The African American Heritage Trail tells the stories of Black luminaries who have lived in the area, including W.E.B. Du Bois and James Weldon Johnson. but it also details the life and times of ordinary/extraordinary African Americans. The area encompasses 29 communities in Western Massachusetts and northwestern Connecticut. You can download a free Trail Guide and other brochures at their website. AFRICAN AMERICAN HERITAGE IN THE UPPER HOUSATONIC VALLEY, a book featuring 120 photos and illustrations, eight original maps, 67 articles, a timeline and more is also available at their website or at

Boston - African American National Historic Site - National Park Service

Located in the heart of Boston's Beacon Hill neighborhood, the site includes 15 pre-Civil War structures relating to the history of Boston's 19th century African-American community, including: the African Meeting House, the oldest standing African-American church in the United States. The sites are linked by the 1.6 mile (2.5 km) Black Heritage Trail®. Augustus Saint-Gaudens', memorial to Robert Gould Shaw and the African-American Massachusetts 54th Regiment, stands on the trail. (The historic homes on the Black Heritage Trail® are private residences and are not open to the public. Only the African Meeting House and the Abiel Smith School may be entered.)

This rich website includes history and culture of the area, educational programs available, and a Massachusetts trip planner.

Boston - The Freedom Trail Foundation

"The Freedom Trail is a 2.5 mile red-brick walking trail that leads you to 16 nationally significant historic sites, every one an authentic American treasure. Preserved and dedicated by the citizens of Boston in 1958, when the wrecking ball threatened, the Freedom Trail today is a unique collection of museums, churches, meeting houses, burying grounds, parks, a ship, and historic markers that tell the story of the American Revolution and beyond." The website provides a virtual tour, along with extensive visitor information, events calendar, podcasts and more.

New in 2008: African American Patriots Tour . This 90-minute guided tour takes visitors through historic events of the American Revolution and the contributions of African-Americans such as Crispus Attucks and others who played a significant role in the country's formation.

Boston - Museum of African American History

The Museum of African American History is New England’s largest museum dedicated to preserving, conserving and interpreting the contributions of African Americans. At this rich website you can tour online exhibitions, learn about educational programs available, view past exhibitions, or get information to help you plan a real visit.

Boston - Museum of Fine Arts

The Museum's African collection contains representative examples of many of the major art traditions of West and Central Africa. You can take an interactive tour, or view works from the collection online. Also, by using the Search function from any page, you can enter "African American" and find events, exhibits, and information about items in their collection.

Boston - Museum of the National Center of Afro-American Artists

Founded in 1968, the NCAAA is the largest independent black cultural arts institution in New England. The Museum presents a wide range of historical and contemporary exhibitions in many media, including painting, sculpture, graphics, photography and decorative arts, and also collaboratively presents exhibits at the Museum of Fine Arts. At their website you'll find information about exhibits, educational programs, events, and visitor information. You can also view works from their past exhibits in the archive.

Concord - The Wayside

The Wayside - home of authors Nathaniel Hawthorne, Louisa May and Bronson Alcott, and Margaret Sidney - was the first literary site to become part of the National Park Service system and is located within Minute Man National Historic Park. Many events that occurred at "Hillside" that are recalled in Little Women, as well as real life experiences that the Alcott family had here, such as their sheltering of a fugitive slave in early 1847, are explored on the tour. Mrs. Alcott's family included Judge Samuel Sewall, who wrote an early anti-slavery tract, "The Selling of Joseph" in 1700, and her brother, Samuel J. May was a founder of The American Anti-Slavery Society and a conductor on the Underground Railroad in Syracuse, New York.

Martha's Vineyard - African American Heritage Trail

The African American Heritage Trail of Martha's Vineyard is a physical entity comprised of sites dedicated to the contributions made by people of African descent to the history of the island. At each of these sites a descriptive plaque has been placed. The sophomore history classes at the Martha's Vineyard Regional High School are involved as research assistants in the work of the Trail and also act as tour guides, site maintenance staff, mural painters, web site developers, and musicians. You can explore the trail online through research and resources at the website.

Nantucket - Black Heritage Trail

"Presented by the Museum of African American History and the Friends of the African Meeting House on Nantucket, the Black Heritage Trail® features 10 sites that reveal the heritage of African Americans living on Nantucket, especially in the nineteenth century."

New Bedford - Whaling Museum

New Bedford was once America's leading whaling port, and free blacks played an important role in that and other enterprises. This history is chronicled at the museum and also in an online exhibition, African Americans in New Bedford.

Newton - Jackson Homestead

This house served as a station on the Underground Railroad. It is now the home of the Newton History Museum which offers interpretive exhibits, events, and tours of general and African American history.

Springfield - Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame

The men and women who made the game what it is are enshrined here, including players (Kareem Abdul-Jabbar) and teams (Harlem Globetrotters.) You'll find their bios at the website. The newly inaugerated Mannie Jackson Basketball's Human Spirit Award is given annually to an individual who embraces the core values of the game: hard-work, striving to improve and a commitment to others. Beyond the game they reflect the values of Mannie Jackson's life-long mission to overcome obstacles; challenge the status quo, take responsibility for his or her actions while seeking the highest standard of excellence.

New Hampshire

Hanover - Hood Museum of Art

The Hood’s holdings of about 1,900 objects from Africa include works from all regions of the continent rendered in a variety of media, including wood, beads, stone, ceramics, paint, metal, textile, and ivory. Still in its infancy, the collection of contemporary African art reveals an expansion of not only stylistic conventions and iconographic content but also media, which now encompasses installation art, photography, mixed media, canvas paintings, collages, and found objects, among others. At the website you can search the collections, find visitor information, gallery guides, events, educational programs and more.

Jaffrey - Amos Fortune Forum

Born in Africa and brought to this country as a slave, Amos Fortune purchased his freedom in 1770 at the age of 60. In 1781 he established what grew to be a profitable tannery and eventually helped found the Jaffrey Public Library. A bequest at his death was given to support the school, which has evolved into the Amos Fortune Fund administered by the Library which develops and distributes educational materials on Amos Fortune. The Amos Fortune Forum lectures have been held for more than 60 years and feature a wide range of topics and speakers. Held Friday evenings in the summer at The Meetinghouse in Historic Jaffrey Center, they're free and open to the public. For lodging, dining and other visitor information see the Jaffrey Chamber of Commerce site.

Portsmouth Black Heritage Trail -

African and African Americans have called Portsmouth "home" for over 350 years. Self guided walking trail featuring 24 sites of significance available online. The website is also packed with visitor information: arts, dining, lodging, events, local history and more.

Portsmouth - Seacoast African American Cultural Center

With concerts, educational programs, exhibits from notable artists, and valuable collections of African artifacts, the Seacoast African American Cultural Center has become the hub of activity to showcase the contributions of individuals of African descent in the seacoast community. Check their website for events and links.

New Jersey

Atlantic City - Chicken Bone Beach Historical Foundation

"African Americans who wished to enjoy the Atlantic City Beach during the period from 1900 through the early 1950's were socially restricted to the Missouri Avenue area. As thousands of vacationing Black families flocked to the shore with their chicken laden picnic hampers, the strip became affectionately nicknamed "Chicken Bone Beach". A block party atmosphere was enhanced by the visits of major Black entertainers, such as Sammy Davis Jr., "Moms" Mabley and the Club Harlem Showgirls... Chicken Bone Beach survives as a symbol of family unity and African American brotherhood... The Atlantic City Council passed an ordinance Wednesday August 6, 1997 declaring Chicken Bone Beach (Missouri Avenue beach) a local historical land site. Chicken Bone Beach is a symbol of unity that originated from segregation."

Enjoy jazz and other activities at Chicken Bone Beach by checking out their schedule of events at the website.

Atlantic City - "Pop" Lloyd Baseball Stadium, Herron Ave at Martin Luther King Boulevard, Open daily until sunset

One of the first stadiums named for an African 1949, the height of segregation. How this came about was the focus of an investigation by the PBS program, History Detectives.

Burlington - Underground Railroad Tour

By 1790, the county had the largest free black population of any county in New Jersey. Burlington County's rich black history is reflected in these sixteen sites found in nine communities, an African American Historic Sites Self-guided Tour which you can view online or download as a pdf. The tour begins in Bordentown, home of the New Jersey Manual Training and Industrial School for Colored Youth, and ends at the Trinity African Methodist Episcopal Church in Cinnaminson.

They also offer an Underground Railroad tour, which can be downloaded as a pdf or Word document.

Lawnside - Peter Mott House & Lawnside Historical Society

Founded on land that was purchased by abolitionists for free blacks and escaped slaves, Lawnside is the state's only African American incorporated municipality. Peter Mott, an African American farmer, constructed this house around 1844 and resided there until 1879. Mott and his wife, Elizabeth Ann Thomas Mott, served as agents on the Underground Railroad. You can learn more about the history, and find visitor information, images, events, news and even a gift shop at the website.

Manalapan - Monmouth Battlefield State Park

More than 800 black soldiers fought alongside Washington at the Battle of Monmouth in June of 1778. In fact, Captain Arnold's detachment from the 1st Rhode Island Regiment (which engaged in heavy fighting at the hedgerow) was comprised of about 2/3 African Americans and Native Americans. As of 2/25/08 there are no exhibits commemorating this, but the 1st RI re-enactors are scheduled to be photographed at the reconstructed hedgerow in May 2008, which hopefully will lead to a wayside exhibit in the near future. Contact the park to show your support!

Newark - Newark Museum

The museum's African Art Collection ranks among the nation's oldest and most comprehensive and is permanently displayed in the African Art Gallery. The Newark Black Film Festival (summer) has entered its fourth decade. Special exhibits, educational programs and tours, plus all the necessary information for visitors, is found at their website.

Newark - Paul Robeson Cultural Center at Rutgers University

Established in 1967, the PRCC offers programs showcasing the contributions of African-Americans to American and world culture through literature, science, and the arts. It also houses memorabilia from Paul Robeson's life. Check their website for exhibits and special events.

Newtonville - African American Heritage Museum of Southern New Jersey

With a permanent home and a traveling museum with access to over 3,000 historical and cultural artifacts, the AAHM was founded 30 years ago by Ralph E. Hunter, Sr. when he bagan a personal collection of African American cultural, artistic and media images. You should call ahead in case the exhibit you wish to see is "on the road," or check the website for their schedule of events.

Princeton - Historical Society of Princeton

The black community's long-standing presence was first recognized in a "watershed moment " in 1996 when the museum opened a temporary exhibit entitled A Community Remembers: African-American Life in Princeton. A memorial walking tour was also established. You can purchase a self-guided brochure for $1; private group tours may also be arranged. The Historical Society also houses many documents and records of the black community.

Small Gloucester - Mount Zion A.M.E. Church

An important stop on the Greenwich Line of the Underground Railroad, a secret, three foot by four foot trap door in the floor of the church's vestibule provided access to a hiding place in the crawlspace under the floor. The church is still in use today by the congregation. The link above will take you directly to the church's listing at the National Park Service's Aboard the Underground Railroad web resource.

Tenafly - African Arts Museum of the SMA Fathers

The African Art Museum of the SMA Fathers at Tenafly, New Jersey is one of five museums around the world founded and maintained by the Society of African Missions (SMA), an international Roman Catholic missionary organization that serves the people of Africa. Established in 1980, the Tenafly museum is one of only a rare few in the United States dedicated solely to the arts of Africa. Its permanent collections, exhibited on a rotating basis, offer a unique advantage in the study and research of sub-Saharan sculpture and painting, costumes, textiles and decorative arts, religion and folklore. Their website offers basic information about African Art, current and upcoming exhibitions, collections, publications and catalogues, and general visitor information.


Pennsylvania Tourism Office - Main Site

Trace the stops on the Underground Railroad, discover the roots of the African Methodist Episcopal church, and experience the rich heritage of African American life in the State of Independence. This link will connect you to hundreds of African American heritage sites, museums, arts, entertainment, shopping, dining and more. Search "African American" when you arrive.

Quest for Freedom - Freedom Journeys

Use an interactive map, or download the Quest for Freedom Trail Guide to explore the Underground Railroad and the history of African American Patriots in the region of Gettysburg, York, Lancaster, Valley Forge and Philadelphia.

Cheyney - Cheyney University

Founded in 1837 as the African Institute (changed several weeks later to the Institute for Colored Youth) Cheyney can be considered the oldest institution of higher learning for African Americans. (However, Lincoln University lays claim to being the first full university established for African Americans.) Today, Cheyney University students represent a variety of races, cultures, and nationalities.

La Mott - Camp William Penn Headquarters

This is the site of the first federal camp for training black soldiers during the Civil War. The museum is closed at this time (1/29/08) but you'll still find much historical and visitor information at the website, plus information on how you can help reopen the museum.

Lincoln - Lincoln University

Lincoln University was chartered in April 1854 as Ashmun Institute, and is considered the first institution founded specifically to provide African Americans with higher education in the arts and sciences. Notable alumni include Langston Hughes (Class of 1929) and Thurgood Marshall (Class of 1930.) You can take a virtual tour online.

Norristown - Valley Forge National Historical Park

Valley Forge National Historical Park offers a diverse history collection documenting both the 1777-1778 winter encampment at Valley Forge and the life and times of those soldiers who fought to secure America’s independence. You can learn more about their extensive collections and view exhibits online at the website. The Patriots of African Descent Monument honors the many African Americans who fought at Valley Forge. It was sponsored by the Valley Forge Alumnae Chapter of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, the largest Sorority for African American women in the world.

New! Philadelphia - President's House / Independence National Historic Park

Presidents George Washington (1790-1797) and John Adams ( 1797 - 1800) lived and worked in a three story brick mansion rented from financier Robert Morris on this site. When the site was being researched for development as a historical park, it was learned that Washington brought 9 slaves with him, 2 of whom eventually escaped to freedom. An eight year battle ensued between those who felt it was time to tell the story of the first president's slave legacy, and those who felt his image shouldn't be sullied. The result is the first monument to slavery ever erected on federal property, including a multimedia exhibit entitled The President’s House: Freedom and Slavery in the Making of a New Nation. Visit the INHP website for more historical information about the site, visitor information, etc. To read more about the controversy, check out First in the Hearts of his Countrymen? Bringing George Washington's Philadelphia Slave History to Light.

Philadelphia - Official Visitor Site for Greater Philadelphia

Their user-friendly SEARCH will connect you to African American heritage sites, museums, arts, entertainment, shopping, dining and special events. Their Underground Railroad Itinerary can be explored on foot, by car or public transportation. You can also read an extensive article, African American History in Philadelphia.

Philadelphia - African American Museum

Founded in 1976, the African American Museum in Philadelphia was the first institution built by a major United States city to house and interpret the life and work of African Americans. Online you can explore their collections, find visitor information, preview exhibits and more.

Philadelphia - Atwater Kent Museum

Learn Philadelphia's role in the national story of the Underground Railroad and the anti-slavery movement in the 18th and 19th centuries as part of their special program, Quest for Freedom.

Philadelphia - Belmont Mansion

The American Women's Heritage Society was founded in November 1986 to maintain and restore Belmont Mansion, an eighteenth century house in Fairmount Park in Philadelphia, PA. The Society is the only African-American Women's organization to administer an historic mansion in Fairmount Park. Recently, after extensive renovations, Belmont Mansion reopened in the summer of 2007 as The Underground Railroad Museum at Belmont Mansion. The website has historical information, visitor information and more.

Philadelphia - The Johnson House Underground Railroad Museum and National Historic Site

Various slavery artifacts, including collars and ankle shackles, are on display with an exceptional array of educational material in rooms that feature history lectures, art shows and other special programs.

Philadelphia - Mother Bethel A.M.E. Church/Richard Allen Museum

Richard Allen, born into slavery in 1760, went on to found the African Methodist Episcopal Church. The museum contains exhibits on church history along with artifacts from the early days of the church. You'll find an extensive history, visitor information, an online exhibit and more at the website.

Philadelphia (West) - Paul Robeson House

The Paul Robeson House, a historic Museum and Institute for Civic Responsibility, was the home of the legendary Paul Leroy Robeson for several years until his death in 1976. The Robeson House produces, presents and promotes traveling lectures, concerts and exhibits throughout Philadelphia, the United States and the International community in such a way that learning about Robeson is accessible to all ages and cultures.

Philadelphia/West Chester - Chester County Historical Society

A permanent exhibit Chester County, a View of the Past provides an introduction to the people who settled this region. Learn about noted African-American writer Langston Hughes, a graduate of Chester County’s Lincoln University and Bayard Rustin, a native of West Chester an architect of the Civil Rights Movement who is credited with organizing the 1963 March on Washington.

Pittsburgh - Pittsburgh and its Countryside

From a stop on the Underground Railroad to the center of the Industrial Revolution, Pittsburgh’s African-American roots trace back centuries, and you can explore it all with the African American Heritage Itinerary. Plus find everything you need to visit the Pittsburgh area: shopping, dining, lodging, attractions and an online photo tour. The site also provides Underground Railroad and African American History Attractions in Western PA

Pittsburgh - African Heritage Classrooom

One of the "Nationality Rooms" at the University of Pittsburgh's Cathedral of Learning, the African Heritage Classroom suggests the history, wealth and diversity of African culture. Visit their extensive website to tour it online, or find visitor information.

Pittsburgh - Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society, Inc. Pittsburgh Chapter

Meetings and events are open to the public, and held at the Carnegie Library in Homewood.

Pittsburgh - August Wilson Center for African American Culture

The August Wilson Center for African American Culture (formerly known as the African American Cultural Center of Greater Pittsburgh) presents performing, visual and education programs that celebrate the contributions of African Americans within the region and the impact of cultural expression from Africa to the African Diaspora. The AWC's presentations include dance, music, art, theater and other cultural, educational and artistic events. Visit their website for news, events, educational programs or to take a virtual tour.

Pittsburgh - CAUSE at Carnegie Mellon University

The Center for AfricanAmerican Urban Studies & the Economy aims to link the historian's interest in race, work, and economic change over time with contemporary analyses of the urban labor force, employment policies, and community development. Visit the website to learn more about programs and events.

Pittsburgh - Highmark Legacy Square

Located inside the Left Field Gate Entrance at PNC Park, this permanent interactive exhibit honors and preserves the history of the Negro Leagues and the great players from the Homestead Grays and Pittsburgh Crawfords. The exhibit features life-size bronze statues of former Negro Leagues greats, each accompanied by an interactive kiosk allowing fans to view a personal video and learn about the player's background, Hall of Fame honors and playing statistics. The highlight of the exhibit is the Highmark Legacy Square Theatre, an indoor 25 seat movie theatre that presents the legacy of the Negro Leagues on many interactive levels. For more information on taking a tour of Highmark Legacy Square, check the website or call (412) 325-4700.

Pittsburgh - Senator John Heinz History Center

The Points in Time exhibit includes information about the Underground Railroad. The Underground Railroad: Journey to Freedom tour examines the institutionalization and economy of slavery, the rise of abolitionist activism, and the roots of the Underground Railroad. Important Underground routes through the region, conductors on the Railroad, and notable historical sites are also presented. The African American Collections consists of primary and secondary sources located in the History Center's Library & Archives and includes books, pamphlets, monographs, periodicals, scholarly journals, newspapers, maps, atlases, photographic prints and negatives, and 3,500 archival collections of individual and family papers, organization, corporate, industry and business records.

Pittsburgh - Soldiers and Sailors Military Museum and Memorial

An exhibit in the Civil War collection highlights Martin Delaney, the first African-American to become an officer in the Civil War. He also started the first black newspaper in the city called The Mystery. African Americans in the Civil War highlights Alexander Kelly, from Pittsburgh, who was one of only 24 African Americans to receive the Medal of Honor during the Civil War. The exhibit also examines Frederick Douglass' contributions during the Civil War and the story of the desegregated US Navy.

Reading - Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site (15 miles from Reading)
Blacks at Hopewell Furnace

"Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site is one of the finest examples of a rural American 19th century iron plantation. The buildings include a blast furnace, the ironmaster's mansion, and auxiliary structures. Hopewell Furnace was founded in 1771 by Ironmaster Mark Bird. The furnace operated until 1883." Visitors Center, self guided tours, special events and activies.

Washington - The LeMoyne House

Maintained by the Washington County Historical Society, the LeMoyne House in the City of Washington is Pennsylvania's first National Historic Landmark of the Underground Railroad. It is open for guided tours year 'round. Learn more about the history of the house and area, events, educational programs or how to plan a visit.

Rhode Island

Rhode Island Tourism Division

Discover attractions, bikeways, performing arts, heritage trails and more in addition to lodging, dining and shopping information.

Bristol - Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology, Brown University

The museum's holdings include 3000 items from Africa. The exhibit "Believing Africa draws largely on these collections to investigate the diversity and dynamic nature of African beliefs. (It will soon be available in an online format.)

Newport - Newport Historical Society

The Museum of Newport History is a good way to begin an exploration of the city. Decorative arts, artifacts of everyday life, graphics, historic photographs, and audio-visual programs to tell Newport's story. They offer guided historical tours on many topics, including African American heritage.

Providence - The Providence Black Repertory Company

Founded in 1996, The Providence Black Repertory Company (Black Rep) produces and presents artistic performances that bring people together, provoke thought, inspire hope, and create understanding. Check their online calendar for classes, public programs, performances and other opportunities...there is something scheduled nearly every day of the week!

Providence - Rhode Island Black Heritage Society

Creative Survival is a permanent exhibit exploring black life in Providence from 1776 to 1865 . The museum also hosts periodic displays of Black history and culture. At their website you can learn more about the Rhode Island Black Regiment, an African American unit in the Continental Army, and download a listing of their collections.


Vermont Department of Tourism and Marketing

The official state tourism site includes lodging, dining, events, attractions and outdoor recreation.

Brownington - Old Stone House Museum

The Rev. Alexander Twilight was the first African American college graduate (from Middlebury College) and a state legislator. The museum - which includes six buildings on fifty five acres - is centered around a monumental stone schoolhouse and dormitory Rev. Twilight built in 1834-36 and now houses 25 rooms of exhibits focusing on 19th century life in northern Vermont. Visit their website for a virtual tour and for historical information about the buildings.

Ferrisburg - Rokeby Museum

Rowland Thomas and Rachel Gilpin Robinson harbored many fugitive slaves at their family home and farm during the decades of the 1830s and 1840s. Among the thousands of letters in the family's correspondence collection are several that mention fugitive slaves by name and in some detail. Rokeby Museum is a National Historic Landmark and 90-acre historic site located on US Route 7 in Ferrisburgh, Vermont. The site includes a house fully furnished with family belongings spanning more than 200 years and eight outbuildings, all of which are open to view. At the website you can read an essay relating the story of the Underground Railroad at Rokeby, and find visitor information, special events, school programs and more.

Middlebury - Vermont Folklife Center

"The Vermont Folklife Center, founded in 1984, is dedicated to preserving and presenting the folkarts and cultural traditions of Vermont and the surrounding region. Through ongoing field research, a multimedia archive and an apprenticeship program, we document and conserve cultural heritage which could easily be lost; through exhibits, media, publication and educational projects, we bring recognition to the skills, talents and traditions of Vermonters, past and present."

Audiovisual resources include Journey's End, from taped interviews with Daisy Turner (the daughter of an escaped slave) born in 1883 who lived to be 104. There is also a teacher's guide for the video On My Own: The Memories and Traditions of Daisy Turner and Her Family.

Pownal - Museum of Black WWII History

Founded and curated by Bruce Bird, this museum documents the more than 1 million African Americans who served in WWII. As the website states, "More than a collection and display of objects, the museum is a center for ongoing teaching and research on this broad subject." At this content rich site you'll find events, photos, histories (including the Tuskegee Airman, the 555th Parachute Infantry, the 761st Tank Battalion) soldiers stories, a blog and more.

Windsor - Old Constitution House

The first constitution in America to prohibit slavery, allow men to vote without requiring property ownership, and authorize a public school system was adopted here in Windsor, Vermont in 1777. You'll find more history and visitor information at the website.

Additional Resources

African American Heritage in the Upper Housatonic Valley. David Levinson, ed. Berkshire, 2006.

The African American Heritage Trail tells the stories of Black luminaries who have lived in the area, including W.E.B. Du Bois and James Weldon Johnson. But it also details the life and times of ordinary/extraordinary African Americans. The area encompasses 29 communities in Western Massachusetts and northwestern Connecticut, and the book features 120 photos and illustrations, eight original maps, 67 articles, essays, a timeline and more.

Maine's Visible Black History: The First Chronicle of Its People. H. H. Price and Gerald E. Talbot. Tilbury House Publishers, 2006. Order at

Discovering Black New York: A Guide to the City's Most Important African American Landmarks, Restaurants, Museums, Historical Sites, and More. Linda Tarrant-Reid. Citadel Press, 2002. Order at

From the world-famous Apollo Theatre to the respected Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture to the many excellent soul food restaurants, this unusual city travel guide covers all the hot spots, including historical sites, museums and art galleries, shopping, tours, nightclubs, and other attractions related to African American history and culture. Over 500 historically and culturally significant locations. Table of Contents.

Hippocrene Guide to Black New York. Joann Biondi, James Haskins. Hippocrene Books, 1993. Order at

Borough-by-borough gazetteer of historic sites and contemporary shops of special Afro-American interest.

Black Heritage Sites: The North. Nancy C. Curtis. New Press 1998 Order at

This volume includes descriptions and detailed visitor information for hundreds of places of national and local significance, from churches and schools to battlefields and cemeteries, from stops on the Underground Railroad to landmarks of the 1950s civil rights movement. Black Heritage Sites is perfect for travelers and historians of all kinds--from the family planning a cross-country trip to the armchair traveler interested in gaining a unique perspective on African American history.

African American Historic Places. Savage, Beth L. Wiley, 2005 Order at

Features 800 sites on the National Historic Register which relate to African American History. Organized by 41 states plus the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. Because it is designed as an identification tool rather than as a trip planner, the book lists only addresses and does not note telephone numbers, access policies, or admission charges. The introduction, however, notes that approximately three-fourths of the properties are privately owned and not open to the public. Black-and-white photographs are provided for some of the sites, and eight introductory essays provide context for understanding the historical significance of the sites.

A Traveler's Guide to the Civil Rights Movement. Jim Carrier. Harcourt Books, 2004. Order at

This book is fascinating even if you never leave home. It's both a travel guide and a reference for anyone wanting to learn more about the Civil Rights Movement. But it's not limited to modern times; like many historians, the author takes the view that the struggle for civil rights began the moment the first enslaved African set foot on these shores and tried to break free. And it continued anywhere that people fought for dignity and equality. Consequently, the sites described here include sites of slave rebellions, legal battles, Underground Railroad safe houses, historically black colleges, churches, museums...even the minor league stadium in Florida where Jackie Robinson broke through the color line.

Historic Landmarks of Black America. Canter, George. Gale Group, 1991. Order at

Describes over 300 sites across the US and Canada, with entries ranging from a paragraph to several pages, with lots of illustrations. Each includes a historical sketch detailing the site's significance and practical information such as directions, hours, fees, and related sites....which of course you'd want to doublecheck before traveling! This book is out of print (and out of date) but still useful and available cheap through used booksellers at

In Their Footsteps: The American Visions Guide to African-American Historical Sites. Chase, Henry. Owlet, 1994. Order at

Similar to Canter's Historic Landmarks, but more comprehensive covering 46 states, Ontario and Nova Scotia. This book is out of print (and out of date) but still useful and available through used booksellers at